Featured Product
This Week in Quality Digest Live
Quality Insider Features
Henning Piezunka
Businesses and leaders influence the kinds of ideas they receive without even realizing it
Having more pixels could advance everything from biomedical imaging to astronomical observations
Chris Caldwell
Significant breakthroughs are required, but fully automated facilities are in the future
Dawn Bailey
Helping communities nurture the skilled workforce of the next generation
Leah Chan Grinvald
Independent repair shops are fighting for access to vehicles’ increasingly sophisticated data

More Features

Quality Insider News
Providing practical interpretation of the EU AI Act
The move of traditional testing toward Agile quality management is accelerating
Easy to use, automated measurement collection
A tool to help detect sinister email
Funding will scale Aigen’s robotic fleet, launching on farms in spring 2024
3D printing technology enables mass production of complex aluminum parts
High-end microscope camera for life science and industrial applications
Three new models for nondestructive inspection

More News

Denis Leonard, Ph.D. and William Murphy, Ph.D.

Denis Leonard, Ph.D. and  William Murphy, Ph.D.’s default image

Quality Insider

Opinion: Same Emperors, Still No Clothes

Today' economic crisis strips bare faulty leadership practices.

Published: Wednesday, June 17, 2009 - 08:02

You know the fable, the Emperor who glorified in himself and considered no one to be above him. Having been told that the clothing he would be wearing could only be seen by someone wise, he proceeded to “wear” his new clothes. Not one of his trusted advisers dared tell him that he appeared to be completely naked (for fear of the Emperor’s wrath and wanting desperately to believe what they had been told by the Emperor himself, that only wise people could see his clothes). Off the Emperor went in a public display. Only when a child shouted out, was the truth made plain.

Imagine how often this plays out in the business world, with emperor’s wooed by their own sense of perfection, with underlings cowed into a permanent state of voicing admiration regardless of underlying thoughts to the contrary. Yes, emperors, that is, business leaders, can knowingly or unwittingly find themselves proudly wearing no clothes. Of course, there comes a day when a voice shouts the truth, and oh how quickly the facade is revealed. Sadly, we don’t have to look far today to see not just the cracking of the facade, but the crumbling of entire kingdoms. Look no further than the entire financial sector, with emperors and their entourages now cast as villains and nations on the verge of falling.

Yes, it is patently obvious exactly how wrong things can go when leaders become like the Emperor with no clothes. If it is not obvious already, all leaders stop right now and ask yourself: How do I guard against becoming like the Emperor?

As you consider this, think about just two of the most common ways that leaders become like the Emperor in the fable. 

The first is by creating a toxic situation whereby the leader's counselors and advisers (the executive leadership team) are rewarded for being "yes" men or women. Leaders believe they are doing the best for the company and leading it well. They even believe their people are 100 percent behind them, following with glowing admiration. Leaders engage in this destructive path by either being passively or overtly aggressive.

The passive-aggressive leader rewards only those who shower admiration and agreement, drawing these favored into an inner circle. Since few want to be cast as an outsider, everyone soon learns what is necessary to win the leader's favor.

The aggressive leader has no need for such a pleasing system. This leader uses an iron fist, with the tacit understanding that failure to accept and show approval for whatever he or she wants will lead to a stern rebuke and perhaps even ousting from the company. Here again, everyone learns the system and showers the leader with admiration (although some prepare resumes and work on their exit strategies). Leaders are led to believe they are working well and might even ask if everyone is in agreement on a decision. The response should come as no surprise.

The second way leaders become emperors is even more toxic. In the first, they were most likely unaware of their damaging and destructive effects. But the leaders in our second scenario knowingly quash any original thought, innovation, or even the suggestion of challenge. Asking“What if…” would be met with a outright anger from these leaders. Other voices are not worthy and have nothing to offer here. As a result, these leaders forcefully impose the authority of their own voice and decisions; no others matter. Workers are indeed cowed in this environment, with the best workers looking for the exit door, and with those having nowhere else to go simply playing along while keeping a low profile.

When the company is in a tailspin and the leaders are unable to blame their people, an outside voice can often be heard to shout, “but he has no clothes,” exposing the failed leadership. 

During one of our recent meetings with a quality professional, he told us that a vice president had gathered him and two other department managers in his office. At that meeting, the vice president shared the fact that he subscribed to the Harvard Business Review—certainly not a slouch journal for leading-edge thinkingand he welcomed them to borrow copies at any time. The surprise came when he proceeded to tell his managers that they “were notunder any circumstancesto tell anyone else in the organization that they read and have access to HBR.” He then told them that he did not want any suggestions about changing the company based on HBR articles since he himself would already have read the articles and decided whether or not there were any changes to be made.

In one fell swoop, and without even realizing it, the vice president had distanced himself from his own managers. Further, his disregard and disrespect for his workers was made transparent. Rather than encouraging a learning organization, he was stalling this potentiality. Sadly, the vice president surely thought he was getting closer to his management team. After all, he had opened his private vault of journals to them, bringing them into his circle. The quality manager we spoke with said he had been sorely tempted to speak out, but he felt his hands were tied. He said he was not going to put his job at risk by telling the vice president this was wrong. Thus, the situation remained, with the quality manager finally deciding to leave the company less than a year later.

Several years from now when the world emerges from the catastrophe so many emperors have led us into, we hope the Emperor's New Clothes syndrome becomes a "lesson learned" for all leaders. In the meantime, in what aspects of your engagement with your team members are you like the Emperor? If you don’t know, how are you going to find out? For us, we’ll stay on your good side by closing with, “You look wonderful Emperor!”


About The Author

Denis Leonard, Ph.D. and  William Murphy, Ph.D.’s default image

Denis Leonard, Ph.D. and William Murphy, Ph.D.

Denis Leonard, Ph.D., is a senior member of ASQ and a certified manager of quality, auditor and Six Sigma Black Belt. He has been an examiner for the Wisconsin and Malcolm Baldrige quality awards. He is president of Business Excellence Consulting.

William Murphy, Ph.D., is an associate professor of marketing at Edwards School of Business
at the University of Saskatchewan. He has developed distance learning marketing strategy courses for executives, taught across many marketing topics, consulted for numerous firms in business-to-business and consumer markets, and provided guidance for entrepreneurial ventures in both traditional and internet markets.


Same Emperors, Still No Clothes

Denis & William....I really enjoyed your article. I can't tell you how many times my husband wanted me to place a copy of 'The Emperor's New Clothes' on my desk at work for all to see. This was his response to the many stories that I've shared with him over the years about management that won't allow you to change current business practices or processes because it was their 'baby' and it would be interpreted as negative and a career killer.

I've always been amazed at how many leaders do what's best for their ego and career and not what's best for the health and growth of a company. I'm hoping the current economic times will flush out the emperors and bring in a new wave of leadership that promotes improvements that provide benefits to a company and their people.

Sandra Gauvin