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Del Williams

FDA Compliance

How Food Processors Can Improve FDA Compliance and Productivity at the Same Time

Tubular cable conveyors can be flushed with water, rinsed, and sanitized without disassembly

Published: Tuesday, June 15, 2021 - 12:03

To meet increasingly strict compliance standards, such as the Food Safety Modernization Act (FSMA) and Global Food Safety Initiative (GFSI), food processors now regularly use adenosine triphosphate (ATP) testing to monitor equipment surfaces for microbial growth. Add to this the need to minimize cross-contamination of products or ingredients with allergens after production changeovers, and more processors are realizing that the traditional cumbersome means of cleaning conveying equipment may not be sufficient to meet today’s rigorous compliance requirements.

When conventional conveyors need to be disassembled, cleaned, and reassembled to reach all exposed internal surfaces, potential downtime can extend to days. If this proves too onerous, some food processors dedicate separate conveyor lines to specific products, which increases capital equipment costs, labor, and the production space required.

As an alternative to speed the process, a substantial number of food processors have turned to tubular drag conveyor systems, which gently move product through a sealed, enclosed tube using a drag cable and circular discs pulled through on a loop—ideal for delicate items. Because tubular cable conveyors are enclosed, these systems can be quickly and effectively flooded with water, flushed, rinsed, cleansed, and thoroughly sanitized without disassembly—a process called “wet cleaning.”

FDA compliance

This wet-clean approach significantly improves food safety compliance and system reliability for a variety of food types such as nuts, frozen fruits and vegetables, grains, cereals, and powdered soups. The technique, in fact, thoroughly flushes out any potential allergens like nuts or gluten from conveying equipment. Typically, food processors must display a warning on packaging for consumers when product is processed on equipment that handles nuts, according to FDA’s Food Allergen Labeling and Consumer Protection Act for one.

Because a complete and thorough cleaning can be accomplished without disassembly of the system, the entire process takes only 20 to 90 minutes. This can substantially reduce downtime during production changeovers and eliminate the need for additional dedicated conveyor lines. For food processors conveying a specific product, regular cleaning can be set to run on an automated basis.

Improving productivity

National Frozen Foods Corp. is a national processor of frozen vegetables since 1912 that processes more than 400 million pounds of product annually. Their Moses Lake, Washington, facility had occasion to explore a wet-cleaning system.

“We were proactively aiming to meet higher compliance standards while increasing the speed of packaging, but our pneumatic conveyor system was not up to the task,” explains Mark Koreis, superintendent of processing and packaging at the Moses Lake plant. “We found a solution in a tubular conveyor system capable of providing an extremely reliable conveyance and facilitated automated cleaning of the system without having to take it apart.”

According to Koreis, the Moses Lake plant previously conveyed frozen peas, corn, lima beans, diced carrots, and legumes using a pneumatic conveyor to move product to bulk packaging areas. However, this was less than ideal for their application.

“Our previous pneumatic conveyor system generated a lot of heat, which is not good for frozen product, so we had to inject cool air into the system,” says Koreis. “Also, sanitation of the system presented challenges.”

According to Koreis, the cleaning process was inefficient and led to some downtime. As a result, the system was typically limited to conveying no more than 8 to 10 tons of product per hour.

“We sought a more reliable, precise, streamlined cleaning process, as well as increased production speeds,” says Koreis.

To resolve the issue, the plant replaced the pneumatic conveyor system with a tubular cable conveyor system with automated wet-cleaning capability from Cablevey Conveyors. In the food industry, enclosed conveyors are utilized for products such as nuts, cereal, snacks, beans, seeds, and coffee. The system can convey up to 2,000 cubic feet per hour of materials with numerous layouts using multiple inlets and outlets.

The wet-cleaning process internally cleans the tube in several steps, starting with a water rinse followed by foaming agent.
Tube conveyor wet cleaning

Then there’s a sanitizing rinse, and a final water rinse.
Tube conveyor wet cleaning

Once the system is thoroughly flushed out, drying is achieved by attaching urethane wipers to the tubular conveyor’s discs, which “act like a squeegee” to remove any residual water.
Tube conveyor wet cleaning

For the Moses Lake frozen food processing plant application, a 6 in.-diameter tubular conveyor system approximately 100 ft long was installed to send product to be packaged in boxes or totes for shipping.
Tube conveyor wet cleaning

“Our new automated system is essentially self-cleaning,” says Koreis. “It is very convenient to let it run through the cleaning process and have employees take care of other tasks.”

According to Koreis, clear tubes were chosen as an option for the conveyor system to provide greater visibility into the cleanliness of the equipment and the cleaning process as it occurs. He also chose to add a unique inspection option that enables the running of a small, lighted camera system internally through the tubes, with video viewable on his smartphone via an app. Usually, this level of inspection is performed on an as-needed basis to further verify or document cleanliness.

“The tubular conveyor is clear except where the clamps are, so we can visually check at any time, and the internal camera system allows us to see every nook and cranny from the inside,” says Koreis. “This, along with regular ATP testing, gives us confidence that we are reliably meeting all necessary QA and food safety standards.

“Compared to our previous air conveyor system, we are able to run significantly more—up to 15 tons an hour—with less downtime and less breakage of delicate product,” he adds.

Gaining production uptime and flexibility

In the food processing industry, the wet-cleaning capability is advantageous when dealing with a wide variety of products, including nuts, vegetables, grains, and flours, according to Steve Ives, Cablevey Conveyors director of business development.

Ives notes that the wet-cleaning process often has the greatest impact in operations that rely on open systems, such as bucket elevators or belt conveyors, which traditionally must be disassembled, cleaned, or soaked, and then reassembled—a labor- and time-intensive process.

“In one example where the wet-clean process was used, it dramatically streamlined cleaning, food handling, and processing at a West Coast nut processor,” says Ives. “The processor was using several bucket elevators to convey product in its nut conveyor system and had to spend several days a month on cleaning. To clean the equipment, the bucket elevators had to be shut down, powered off, protective shrouding removed, and then disassembled—with the process reversed to come back online.”

When the processor switched to an automated wet cleaning system, however, it cut production downtime to a fraction of the time required and freed the work crew to take on other vital tasks.”

In another example, a granola processor in the Northwest switched from belt conveyors to tubular cable conveyors that could be wet cleaned without disassembly.

The goal was to streamline cleaning and flushing out any potential nut allergens from the system,” explains Ives. “Instead of using basically dedicated lines, as was done previously, with the wet-clean process they can run about five or six different products through the same line while remaining compliant. That has significantly improved their efficiency and production flexibility.”


About The Author

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Del Williams

Del Williams is a technical writer based in Torrance, California. He writes about business, technology, health and educational issues, and has an M.A. in English from C.S.U. Dominguez Hills.